Metallurgical Keynote and Slag Round Table

Attendance to these sessions is included as part of the registration entitlements.

Metallurgical Keynote

Date: Tuesday 5 September 2023
Venue: Sofitel Angkor Phokeethra Golf & Spa Resort
Time: 1:40 PM

Mr Sander Arnout
CEO, InsPyro

Recycling deals with man-made material combinations, which means that an optimal process can look very different from primary metallurgy. This is especially true for battery recycling.

The metallurgical theory framework is still very useful to understand the process and the challenges specific to recycling. In lead-acid battery recycling for example, dealing with sulfates as opposed to sulfides requires heat input and reduction. Also, the specific slag systems (or mattes) used in secondary smelters are surprisingly flexible, leading to very different operational practices, some surely suboptimal. Apart from mechanical separation, hydrometallurgy (e.g. desulfurization) complements these pyro processes well. Alternative, fully hydrometallurgical processes aim at a lower environmental impact, but scale up results are needed to make a proper comparison.

The same pyro-hydro debate is also active in the quickly growing lithium battery recycling industry. The solubility of Li, as compared to Pb, makes an entirely hydrometallurgical flowsheet more viable. Nevertheless, also for Li, a case can be made for flowsheets combining the robustness of pyro and the specificity of hydro.

Round Table Discussion

Date: Tuesday 5 September 2023
Venue: Sofitel Angkor Phokeethra Golf & Spa Resort
Time: 3:50 PM

Roundtable Discussion – the Wonderful World of Slag


Mr Doug Lambert
Vice President of Sales and Technology, Wirtz Manufacturing Company, Inc.


Darren Nelson
Consultant, Wirtz Manufacturing Company

Brian Wilson
Consultant, International Lead Association

Mr Mark Stevenson
CEO, Global Lead Technologies

Dr Sander Arnout
CEO, InsPyro

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